Last week the U.S. Census Bureau released its national and state population estimates with the headline, “Nevada and Idaho Are the Nation’s Fastest-Growing States”.
As a whole, the U.S. population grew by 0.6 percent between July 1, 2017, and July 1, 2018. However, Nevada’s population grew 2.1 percent during the same time period. That’s 3½ times the rate of the nation’s growth.
Not only was Nevada’s population percentage growth the highest in the country, but also its numeric growth placed it in the top-ten states in the country.
data source: U.S. Census Bureau
As can be seen from the table above, Nevada’s population increased by about 62,000 between July 1, 2017, and July 1, 2018.
Nevada’s rate of population growth has exceeded that of the country’s for several years. Looking at the U.S. and Nevada’s population growth rates since the 2010 census, we see the following…
data source: U.S. Census Bureau
But where did this growth come from and where did these people settle? To answer these questions I dug a little deeper.
Natural increase vs. Net migration
There are two types of increases in population: natural increase (the excess of births over deaths) and net positive migration (inbound migration minus outbound migration). Fortunately, the U.S. Census Bureau has data on all of this, and much more on their American FactFinder site.
Using the American FactFinder site I accessed the most recent data set available, which was for 2017. Using the 2017 data set I learned that, from July 1, 2016 to July 1, 2017, Nevada’s population increased by 58,785. 12,420 (or 21 percent) of that increase was due to natural increase and 46,184 (or 79 percent) was the total net migration (both domestically and internationally).
data source: U.S. Census Bureau American FactFinder
As can be seen in the table above Total Net Migration to the state of Nevada was 46,184 — with Domestic Migration accounting for 38,227 (or 79 percent), and International Migration accounting for 7,957 (or 21 percent).
Inflows vs. Outflows
Net migration is the difference between those residents leaving the state and the new ones moving to the state. To find those two components I explored deeper into the Census Bureau’s website and discovered State-to-State Migration Flows tables.
These massive tables contain the yearly inflows of people to a particular state arriving from every other state in the U.S. and also the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. Additionally one can see the destination states to where those leaving a particular state are moving to.
The tables are broken out by year. Using the six most recents years of data from these tables I compiled the following domestic inflows and outflows for Nevada.
Looking deeper at the data in these tables one can see the breakout of the inflows and outflows by state. In the table below I’ve listed the top ten states contributing the greatest number of new residents to Nevada in 2017.
Clearly, California is responsible for the greatest proportion of new Nevada residents — contributing 47,513 people to our state. In 2017 nearly 36 percent of people relocating to Nevada moved here from California. Colorado was 2nd — contributing 6.4% of those moving to Nevada.
It makes sense that the most populous states (i.e. Calif., Tex., Fla.) would be major contributors to people moving to the state, but surprisingly New York did not make the top ten list. [It is 15th on the ranking.] Also, proximity to Nevada plays a part. Four (Utah, Ariz., Calif., and Ore.) of the five states that border Nevada are on the top-ten list. The fifth bordering state, Idaho, comes in at 11th on the ranking. [Incidentally, Idaho’s rate of growth is equal to that of Nevada’s, and Idaho has topped the Census Bureau’s list of fastest growing states for the last two years.]
While more than 133,000 people moved to Nevada in 2017, over 98,000 left the state. The same State-to-State Migration Flows tables can be used to see where those people went. In the table below I’ve listed the top-ten states receiving the greatest number of former Nevada in residents in 2017.
Again we see California topping the list — receiving nearly a quarter of everyone who moved out of Nevada. In 2017 23,768 people left Nevada for California, but as noted previously, California contributed 47,513 people to our state during the same year. Nevada’s inflow of Californians is double its outflows to California. In other words, for every Nevadan that leaves for California, two California residents relocate to Nevada.
Diving deeper — to the county level
Did you know that much of the U.S. Census data is broken out to the county level? There are over 3,100 counties and county-equivalents in the 50 states and District of Columbia, and the U.S. Census Bureau has data on all of them.
Just as I analyzed the inflows and outflows for the state of Nevada, I can do the same for any county in the U.S. For this analysis I needed to utilize the Census Flows Mapper tool. From it’s website, “The Census Flows Mapper is a web mapping application intended to provide users with a simple interface to view and save county-to-county migration flows maps of the United States. The data are from the 2006-2010, 2007-2011, 2008-2012, 2009-2013, 2010-2014, 2011-2015, and 2012-2016 American Community Surveys.”
If you’re a numbers person or data geek, I recommend you check out this cool interactive tool. Be warned though, you may find yourself going down a rabbit hole.
Let’s take a look at the total net migration flows for Washoe County, Nevada — the county in which Reno and Sparks are located. The chart below shows a U.S. map with every county in every state outlined. By clicking on a county, in this case Washoe County, that county is outlined in red, and then every other county in the country is color coded according to the net number of people migrating to or from Washoe County.
In the table below I’ve listed the top ten counties contributing the greatest number (net) of new residents to Nevada from 2012-2016 (this is the most recent data set available).
Not surprisingly, given the state rankings above, most of the counties responsible for the greatest net inflows are located in California. That being said, Clark County, Nevada, home of Las Vegas, tops the list. Clark County is Nevada’s most populous county, and accounts for nearly three-quarters of the state’s residents.
In the table below I’ve listed the top-ten counties receiving the greatest number (net) of Washoe County, Nevada residents from 2012-2016.
Mendocino County, California tops the list. From Wikipedia: “The county is noted for its distinctive Pacific Ocean coastline, its location along California’s “Lost Coast”, Redwood forests, wine production, microbrews, and liberal views about the use of cannabis and support for its legalization. In 2009 it was estimated that roughly one-third of the economy was based on the cultivation of marijuana.”
Here are summary stats for Washoe County from the U.S. Census Bureau 2012-2016 5-year American Community Survey:
We often hear the terms “rich Californians” or “California money” when discussing the inflows of Californians to our market. Though there’s not a way to calculate the amount of money moving in from California, I am able to compare the median household incomes of the areas from which people are moving to that of Washoe County.
Below I’ve compiled a table of the top twenty counties contributing the greatest number (net) of new residents to Nevada from 2012-2016 along with the median and average household income for each of those counties. I added Washoe County’s median household income for comparison purposes. [Note: The counties below are ranked by median household income.]
A couple items to note:
- 16 of the top-20 counties have median household incomes greater than Washoe County’s
- 14 of the top-20 counties are in California
- 12 of the 14 California counties have median household incomes greater than Washoe County’s
- Interstate 80 passes through six of the California counties
Thank you for reading. I would love to see your comments and thoughts below. Also, let me know if you have specific questions regarding the above.